Comparatives are used to compare two or more things. Look at these sentences:
I’ll buy this jacket. It’s warmer.
Don’t take that sweater. It’s more expensive.
- After comparatives we use than:
It’s cheaper to go by train than to go by taxi.
It’s more comfortable to stay in a hotel than in a tent.
- If the adjective has only one syllable, then we add the suffix –er to it:
I need a larger sweater.
You look thinner. Have you lost weight?
- Two-syllable adjectives ending in –y are formed in the same way as monosyllable ones:
easy – easier, noisy- noisier, cozy- cozier, pretty- prettier, ugly-uglier, early – earlier
I was going to come earlier but I couldn’t because of the traffic.
Walking is easier than running.
- as well as some other two-syllable adjectives such as:
quiet – quieter/more quiet, clever – cleverer/more clever, narrow – narrower/more narrow, simple – simpler/more simple, etc.
Your neighbourhood is quieter/more quiet than mine.
Streets in Spain are narrower/more narrow than the streets in Russia.
- For other two or more syllables adjectives we use more…
Hotels by the sea coast are more expensive than the ones in the country.
I am more interested in Biology than in History.
- We also use more… for adverbs ending in –ly:
We should consider his offer more seriously.
Could you please drive more slowly?
- Also, we say more often:
You should write more often.
- There are also irregular adjectives and adverbs:
good – better; bad, ill – worse; much, many – more; little – less
- Before the comparative forms of adjectives and adverbs, we can use a bit, a little, much, a lot, far…
This house is far bigger than the one we watched before.
It’s much more expensive to travel by plane than by car.
- It is ___________ in the country than in the city. (quiet)
- I must admit I feel ________ since I stopped smoking (good)
- Judith works __________ than most of her friends (much hard)
- I expected you to be here ________. (early)
- The bus was packed with people. It was _________ than usual. (crowded)
- This Math problem is not complicated. It’s _______ than you think. (simple)
- You should visit us __________. (often)
- I like the country. It’s ___________ and ___________ than where I live. (healthy, peaceful)
- Could you please read ___________. (a bit/slowly)
- Your English has improved. You speak ________ than before. (fluently)
Key: 1) quieter/more quiet, 2) better, 3) much harder, 4) earlier, 5) more crowded, 6) simpler/more simple, 7) more often, 8) healthier, more peaceful, 9) a bit more slowly, 10) more fluently.